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India at a Glance

India is the seventh-largest country by area, the sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, the third-largest by purchasing power parity, the second-most populous country in the world with more than 1.39 billion population, and also one of the oldest civilizations in the world. India was officially declared as the Republic of India after its independence from British rule. It is located in South Asia and is surrounded by oceans from three sides such as the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean in the South.

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Question Answer
Government of India
PresidentRam Nath Kovind
Vice PresidentVenkaiah Naidu
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Chief JusticeN. V. Ramana
Geography of India
CapitalNew Delhi
Area3.287 Million sq. km2
Coordinates21°N 78°E
Latitude8°4'N and 37°6'N latitude
Longitude68°7'E and 97°25'E longitude
Total Coast Line7,516.6 km
Area covered by Forest71.22 million hectares
Union Territories8
Largest StateRajasthan
Smallest StateGoa
Largest CityMumbai
National Parks104
Wildlife Sanctuaries566
Calling Code+91
Time ZoneGMT + 05:30
CurrencyIndian Rupee ( ₹ ) - INR
Languages in India
Official LanguageHindi
Total Recognized Languages22
Demography of India
Male717.1 million
Female662.9 million
Population Growth Rate0.97% increase from 2020
Density of Population464/km2
Sex Ratio101.68 males per 100 females
Life Expectancy in India
Life Expectancy Rate69.66 years
Life Expectancy of Male68.2 years
Life Expectancy of Female70.7 years
Literacy Rate in India
Literacy Rate74.04%
National Symbols of India
National MottoSatyameva Jayate
National AnthemJana Gana Mana
National SongVande Mataram
National AnimalTiger
National BirdIndian peacock
National Aquatic AnimalRiver Dolphin
National Heritage AnimalElephant
National RiverThe Ganga
National TreeBanyan Tree
National FlowerLotus
National VegetablesPumpkin
National FruitMango
Highest PointK2 (Mount Godwin-Austen) - 28,251 ft
National Holidays in India
Republic Day26th January
Independence Day15th August
Gandhi Jayanti2nd October

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q1. What are the 22 major languages of India?

The 22 major Indian languages – Hindi, Urdu, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Punjabi, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Konkani, Sanskrit, Bodo, Santhali, Sindhi, Maithili, and Dogri.

Q2. How many states are there in India in 2021?

After the bifurcation of the state Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh under a reorganization act passed by the Parliament on 5-6 August 2020. At Present, now India has 28 States and 8 Union Territories.

Q3. What are the 28 states and 8 union territories of India 2021?

After the bifurcation of the state Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh here are the list of 28 States and 8 Union Territories.
List of 28 Indian States:
Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal.
List of 8 Indian Union Territories:
Andaman and Nicobar, Chandigarh, Dadar and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Dium, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry.

Q4. Which is the largest state of India 2021?

Rajasthan is the largest state in India in terms of area. It covers about 342,239 km2. While Uttar Pradesh is the largest state in India in terms of population. The total population of Uttar Pradesh is 199,812,341.

Q5. Which is the second largest state in India?

Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state in India in terms of area. It covers about 308,245 km2. While Maharashtra is the second largest state in India in terms of population. The total population of Maharashtra is 112,374,333.


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